In this section we will discuss the following:

 

1.   

GENERAL DIRECTIONS ON MAKING A SOLVENT CEMENT JOINT
 

  1. Examine cement before using.  If jellied, discard.  Do not use primer/cleaner to thin out cement.

  2. Square cut pipe and remove all dirt and burrs.

  3. Check dry fit of pipe and fitting.  Pipe should easily go into fitting 1/4 of the way.

  4. Clean and prime pipe with Black Swan's ALL PURPOSE PRIMER/CLEANER.  (Note:  Do not use primer/cleaner when working with ABS systems.)

  5. Apply thin coat of cement to fitting;  avoid puddling inside.

  6. Apply liberal coat of cement to pipe;  leave no void areas.  Enough cement must be used to completely fill any gaps in joint. 

  7. Assemble quickly while cement is still wet.

  8. Push pipe into fitting using a 1/4 turning motion until pipe bottoms out. 

  9. Hold pipe and fitting together for 30 seconds; wipe off excess on collar.

  10. Allow 15 minutes for good handling strength.

  11. Allow joint 24 to 48 hours before applying pressure. 

  12. Stir frequently while using.

  13. For 1/4 pint and 1/2 pint cans do not use applicator in can if pipe diameter exceed 1-1/4".  For pint and quart cans do not use applicator if pipe diameter exceeds 3".  Proper size of applicator should be 1/2 diameter of pipe. 

  14. Pressure test often so as to eliminate possible large failures.

  15. Keep container tightly closed when not in use.

 

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2.  

 

 

SUGGESTIONS FOR MAKING A SOLVENT CEMENT JOINT IN HOT AND COLD WEATHER
 

Problems In Hot Weather

Often, in working with pipe in hot weather, direct rays of the sun may cause surface temperature of pipe to rise to as much as 150º F which is the approximate boiling point of the cement.  When cement is applied to such hot surfaces, solvent will evaporate and be gone before any etching action can begin on pipe surface or before pipe can be slipped into fitting socket.  

Suggestions for Cementing Pipe in Hot Weather

  1. Cool pipe by wiping with a damp cloth.  Evaporation of moisture from pipe surface will lower its temperature several degrees.  Dry before applying cement.

  2. Wipe pipe with Black Swan's ALL PURPOSE PRIMER/CLEANER.  Evaporation of the primer/cleaner will cool the surface of the pipe and fitting and will also start the etching action.

  3. Keep ends of pipe shaded from hot sun before cementing.  Keep fittings shaded also.

  4. Get pipe into fittings as quickly as possible after applying cement.


Problems in Cold Weather

In extremely cold weather it takes a much longer time period for the cement to work.  Also, snow and moisture can make it more difficult to make a successful joint.  

Suggestions for Cementing Pipe in Cold Weather

  1. Keep cement and primer in a warm area prior to use.  Make sure cement is fluid.

  2. Assemble as many joints as possible in a heated work area.

  3. Clean pipe and fitting thoroughly.  Remove all traces of moisture. 

  4. Be patient.  It can take 5 times longer for cement to set up in cold weather. 

  5. Never apply heat to a joint to  speed up the drying action.  This may cause the solvents to evaporate improperly and a successful joint may not be made. 

  6. Use Black Swan's All Weather PVC Cement.  This product is very well suited for cold weather applications. 

 

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3.  

 

INITIAL SET TIMES ON BLACK SWAN SOLVENT CEMENTS

 

Temp. Range

Pipe Sizes

1/2" to

1-1/4"

Pipe Sizes

1-1/2" to

3"

Pipe Sizes

3-1/2" to

8"

Pipe Sizes

10" to

15"

Pipe Sizes

15"+

 

60º - 100ºF

15 min.

30 min.

60 min.

2 hrs.

4 hrs. 

40º - 60ºF

1 hr. 

2 hrs.

4 hrs. 

8 hrs. 

16 hrs. 

0º - 40ºF

3 hrs. 

6 hrs. 

12 hrs. 

24 hrs. 

48 hrs.

  1. Set time is defined as the amount of time needed before a joint can be carefully handled. 
     

  2. Cement goes through three stages during it's working life-thin syrup stage, thick and doughy stage and solid stage.  During the thin syrup stage the pipe and fitting are placed together and the initial bond is being made between the pipe,  cement and fitting.  The second stage is where the solvents are starting to evaporate from the cement and the bonding process is continuing.  It is during this thick and doughy stage that the joint should not be moved.  At this point the joint is weak and movement could break the connection.  And, because the cement is too thick it won't be able to flow back into place to make the connection again.  The solid stage is where all the solvents in the cement have evaporated and the joint will be ready for handing and use. 
     

  3. Set times given are estimates.  There are many variables that enter into the set times and the end user must make the final determination.

    

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4.   

 

CURE TIMES ON BLACK SWAN SOLVENT CEMENTS

 
Relative Humidity 60% or Less Cure Time Pipe Sizes 1/2" to 1-1/4" Cure Time Pipe Sizes 1-1/2" to 2" Cure Time Pipe Sizes 2 1/2" to 8" Cure Time Pipe Sizes 10" to 15"
Temp. Range during assembly and cure periods up to 180 psi above 180 to 370 psi up to 180 psi above 180 to 315 psi up to  180  psi above 180 to 315 psi up to 100 psi
60º - 100ºF 1 hr. 6 hrs. 2 hrs. 12 hrs. 6 hrs.  24 hrs.  24 hrs. 
40º - 60ºF 2 hrs.   12 hrs. 4 hrs.  24 hrs. 12 hrs.  48 hrs.  48 hrs. 
0º - 40ºF 8 hrs.  48 hrs.  16 hrs.  96 hrs.  48 hrs.  8 days 8 days


 

  1. Cure time is defined as the time necessary to allow before pressurizing the system. 

  2. Cure times given are estimates.  There are many variables that enter into cure time and the end user must make the final determination.  

 

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5.   

 

APPROXIMATE NUMBER OF JOINTS MADE PER VOLUME OF CEMENT BY PIPE SIZE

PIPE SIZES

PINT

QUART

GALLON

1/2"

150

300

1200

3/4"

100

200

800

1"

60

120

480

1-1/2"

45

90

360

2"

30

60

240

3"

20

40

160

4"

15

30

120

6"

5

10

40

8"

2

4

16

 

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6.      

 

SHIPPING INFORMATION ON SOLVENT CEMENTS
 

GALLON, 5 GALLON and 55 GALLON DRUMS

Shipping Name - Adhesives, Containing a Flammable Liquid

Hazardous - Yes

Hazard Class - 3

I.D. Number - UN1133

Packing Group - II

Freight Class - 55

Label Required - Flammable Liquid


1/4 PINTS,  1/2 PINTS,  PINTS, AND QUARTS

Shipping Name - Consumer Commodity

Hazardous - No

Hazard Class - ORM-D

I.D. Number - UN1133

Freight Class - 55

Label Required - None


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7.   

 

WARNINGS AND FIRST AID

 

PICTOGRAMS:

 


SIGNAL WORD:

    DANGER


HAZARDOUS STATEMENTS:

  • Highly flammable liquid and vapor.

  • May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.

  • Harmful in contact with skin.

  • Causes serious eye irritation.

  • Harmful if inhaled.

  • May cause respiratory irritation.

  • May cause drowsiness or dizziness.


PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS:

  • Keep out of reach of children.

  • Keep away from heat/sparks/open flame/hot surfaces - No smoking.

  • Keep container tightly closed and cool.

  • Take precautionary measures against static discharge.

  • Avoid breathing vapors.

  • Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

  • Do not get into eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

  • Wash thoroughly after handling.

  • Do not eat or drink when using this product.

  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear NIOSH approved 
    respirator for organic solvents.


FIRST-AID:

INHALATION:  If inhaled, move into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen and call physician.

EYE CONTACT:  If in eyes, flush with water for 15 minutes. If irritation persists, get medical attention.

SKIN CONTACT:  If on skin, remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.

INGESTION:  If swallowed give 1 to 2 glasses of water. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Contact physician immediately.


STORAGE:

Store in cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible material. Store in shade between 40 degrees F to 110 degrees F. Keep container closed
when not in use. Keep away from heat, sparks, open flame and other sources of ignition. 
Incompatible Materials: caustics, ammonia, inorganic acids, chlorinated compounds, amines, strong oxidizers and isocyanates.


DISPOSAL:

Dispose of product or container in accordance with federal, state or local regulations.

         

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